The National Anthem of Romania
Muresan's poem "Un rasunet", written and published during
the 1848 Revolution, found the adequate music within a
few days, as the anthem was sung for the first time on
June 29, 1848 at Ramnicu Valcea (in Wallachia the
revolution had broken out on June 11). The poem became an
anthem under the title "Desteapta-te romane" ("Awaken
Thee, Romanian") and spontaneously earned recognition
owing to its energetic and mobilising message.
Since 1848 "Desteapta-te romane" has been a song dear to the Romanians, giving them courage in the crucial moments, during the Independence War (1877-1878), just as during World War I. In the moments of crisis after August 23, 1944 when, after the state coup, Romania turned against Hitler's Germany and then participated in the war along with the Allies, this anthem was spontaneously sung by everyone and was aired on the national radio, keeping the whole country on alert.
The same happened on December 22, 1989, at the time of the anti-Communist revolution; the anthem rose from the streets, accompanying huge masses of people, dispelling the fear of death and uniting a whole people in the lofty feelings of the moment. Thus, its institution as a state anthem came by itself, upon the tremendous pressure of the demonstrators.
The message of the anthem "Desteapta-te romane" is social and national at the same time; social because it imposes a permanent state of vigil meant to secure the passing to a new world; national because it gears this awakening to the historical tradition. The anthem proposes that sublime "now or never," present in all national anthems from the paion with which the Greeks fought at Marathon and Salamina to the French revolutionary Marseillaise. The invocation of the national fate is the peak a people can reach in its soaring towards the divine. This "now or never" historically calls upon all vital energies and mobilises to the full.
Romania's national anthem has several stanzas, of which the first four are sung on ceremonial occasions.
- Listen to the anthem: